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Research

Our 2013 Modeling Report

A Costly Diagnosis: Full Report
Anderson K, Weis T, Thibault B, Khan F, Nanni B, and Farber N.  A Costly Diagnosis.  Pembina Institute. Mar 2013

Similar Modeling Reports from other jurisdictions

European Coal Report
Huscher H, Smith D.  The Unpaid Health Bill.  Health and Environmental Alliance.  Mar 2013.

US Coal Report
Lockwood A, Welker-Hood K, Rauch M, Gottlieb.  Coal’s Assault on Human Health.  Physicians for Social Responsibility. Nov 2009.

2nd US Coal Report
Schneider C, Banks J. The Toll From Coal.  The Clean Air Task Force.  Sept 2010.

Ontario Coal Report
DSS Management Consultants, RWDI Air Inc.  Cost Benefit Analysis: Replacing Ontario’s Coal-Fired Electricity Generation.  Ontario Ministry of Energy.  Apr 2005

South African Coal Report
McDaid, Liziwe.  The Health Impact of Coal.  Groundwork. 20 May 2014.

Pembina Power to Change Report

How to transition off of coal (and off of all fossil fuels in 20 years)
T
hibault B, Glave J. Power to Change. Pembina Institiue/Clean Energy Canada.  May 2013.

Effect of Air Pollution in Alberta

Multi-centred Canadian study relates air pollution to cardiac and respiratory health
-study includes Edmonton
Stieb D, Szyszkowicz M, Rowe B, Leech J.  Air pollution and emergency department visits for cardiac and respiratory conditons:  a multi-city time-series analysis.  Environ Health. 2009; 8:25.

Ambient Air pollution affecting ED visits for Asthma in Edmonton
-positive correlation between NOx and CO and ED visits
Villeneuve P, Chen L, Rowe B, Coates F.  Outdoor air pollution and emergency department visits for asthma among children and adults: A case-crossover study in northern Alberta, Canada. Environ health.  2007, 6:40.

Association between air quality and strokes in Edmonton, AB
Chen L, Villeneuve P, Rowe B, Liu L, Stieb D.  The Air Quality Health Index as a predictor of emergency department visits for ischemic stroke in Edmonton, Canada.  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2013 Dec.  doi: 10.1038/jes.2013.82

Air Quality in the Capital Region

Capital Region Fine Particulate Matter Response, December 2014
Alberta ESRD report, mandated by CASA due to exceedances of PM2.5

Capital Region Fine Particulate Matter Science Report, December 2014
Identifies SOx and NOx as primarily from coal-fired electrical generation, and spikes in PM2.5 primarily from secondary generation from those same SOx and NOx.

Environment Canada modelling maps of air pollution in Alberta

Pembina Analysis showing current NOx and SO2 emissions from Wabamun region

Map showing coal plants emissions effect on the Alberta airshed

Relevant studies from other jurisdictions

Closing coal powered steel mill in Utah has positive effects on asthma ED visits
Pope CA, Respiratory hospital admissions association with PM10 pollution in Utah, Salt Lake, and Cache Valleys.  Acrh Environ Health.  1991 Mar-Apr; 46(2): 90-7.

Decrease in death rates in Dublin following ban on coal sales
C
lancy L, Goodman P, SInclair H, Dockery DW.  Effect of air-pollution control on death rates in Dublin, Ireland: an intervention study.  The Lancet. 2002 Oct. 360(9341): 1210-4.

Major 2013 US air pollution study linking coal power to deaths
C
aiazzo F, Ashok A, Waitz IA, Yim SHL, Barrett SRH.  Air pollution and ealry deaths in the United States.  Part I: Quantifying the impact of major sectors in 2005. Atmos Environ. 2013 Nov.  79. pp 198-208.

West Virginia study linking health effects to proximity of coal mining
H
endryx M, Ahem MM.  Relations between health indicators and residential proximity to coal mining in West Virginia.  Am J Public Health. 2008 April; 98(4): 669-71.

Non-peer reviewed UK coal mining proximity study
Stramler, K.  Coal Health Study, Douglasdale Edition. 2009.  Published online.

Increased mortality related to proximity of coal mining in Appalachia
H
endryx M.  Mortality from heart, respiratory, and kidney disease in coal mining areas of Appalachia. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009.  82:243-9.

Analysis of fine particulate effects on life expectancy in the US
P
ope CA, Ezzati M, Dockery DW.  Fine-particulate air pollution and life expectancy in the US.  NEJM. 2009 Jan. 360:376-86.

Editorial relating to above article.
Krewski D.  Evaluating the effects of ambient air pollution on life expectancy.  NEJM Jan. 360: 413-5.

Health effects of ambient levels of respirable particulate matter (PM) on healthy, young-adult populationShaughnessy W, Venigalla M, and Trump D. Atmospheric Environment. Dec 2015.  123: 102-11.

Coal and Cardiovascular Health

American Heart Association scientific statement on air pollution
Brook et al.  Air Pollution and cardiovascular disease.  Circulation.  2004. 109:2655-71.

Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease:  An update to the scientific statement from the AHA.
B
rook et al. Circulation 2010; 121: 2332-2378.

Ischemic Heart Disease Mortality and Long-Term Exposure to Source-Related Components of US Fine Particle Air Pollution
Thurston G et al.  Environ Health Perspect; DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1509777

Reviews of Coal public health impacts

Markandya A, Wilkinson P. Electricity generation and health.  The Lancet. 2007 Sept.  370(9591): 979-90.

Buchanan s, Burt E, Orris P.  Beyond black lung: Scientific evidence of health effects from coal use in electricity generation. J Public Health Policy.  2014 May 15.  (epub ahead of print)

Lockwood A. The Silent Epidemic: Coal and the Hidden Threat to Health. 2012.  MIT Press.

Science against coal’s effect on health

Wabamun 2006 Study: Summary

Wabamun 2006 Full Study

Our critique of the 2006 Wabamun study